In general, you made a submission, a decision was made and you do not agree with the Embassy/Consulate, you want to explain further, then you file an appeal. Depending on the type of applications, the legal terminologies vary and they are called as

  1. Resolution
  2. Review
  3. Interview
  4. Hearing
  5. Judicial Review

After you have a chance to provide your explanations, if your case is still not accepted, you have to file an appeal to fight for your rights.