To become a Canadian citizen you must:

  1. be a permanent resident of Canada,
  2. have lived in Canada for at least three out of the five years before applying (min of 1095 days/1460 days count),
  3. child under the age of 18 does not need to live in Canada for 3 years before applying but must accompany with an adult application
  4. knowledge of Canada,
  5. be able to communicate in either English or French,
  6. when your child is born outside of Canada after you obtained your citizenship, your child is eligible to apply for a citizenship, but your child has to live in Canada before the age of 28, otherwise s/he will lose the Canadian citizenship

Citizenship Test for:

  1. Adult applicants who are between the ages of 18 and 54
  2. Your knowledge of Canada A Look at Canada and
  3. Your language abilities.

Retaining citizenship

  1. Some citizens born outside Canada to a parent who was a Canadian at the time of their birth are required to make an application and meet certain requirements to keep (retain) Canadian citizenship before turning 28 years of age. This is called retention of Canadian citizenship.
  2. The second generation born outside Canada will lose Canadian citizenship at age 28 unless steps are taken to retain it.